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Science as we know it today can be said to have started with the ancient Greeks, with the likes of Herodotus, Aristotle and Theophrastus, all of whom lived from 300 to 500 years before Christ.

5 Their findings were still valid two millenniums later, when science was reborn with the Renaissance following the Dark Ages when after the fall of Rome, roughly 1000 years after the Greeks created their scientific theories, science and learning were forgotten during the ravages of war and disease which enveloped the whole of the then 10 civilized world.

Geology, even mineralogy, can be traced back to the Greeks. They recognized that the position of the land and sea had changed and that a great length of time had been necessary for these changes. They believed 15 the world was round, that the orbits of planets were also circular and they noticed that heavy objects fell faster than light ones. So, more sciences than one can be said to have begun with the Greeks.

Of course, all their learning might have disappeared for good during 20 the six or seven centuries of the Dark Ages. But the Arabs were also interested in science, and they were at the edge of the Dark Ages, so they were able to preserve the findings of the Greeks, translating some of their work and even building on it. When science finally took root again in the Middle Ages it was based very much on the 25 ideas and work of the Greeks.

1. What’s the main point the author is making in this passage?

2. According to the passage what was the reason science had to make a recovery?

3. According to the passage which of the following was NOT among the findings made by the Greeks?

4. Why were the Arabs able to preserve the findings of the Greeks?

5. What might the next part of the lecture be about?