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Until recently, hunting for treasure from shipwrecks was mostly fantasy; with recent technological advances, however, the search for sunken treasure has become more popular as a legitimate endeavor. This has caused a debate between those wanting to salvage the wrecks and those 5 wanting to preserve them.

Treasure hunters are spurred on by the thought of finding caches of gold coins or other valuable objects on a sunken ship. One team of salvagers, for instance, searched the wreck of the RMS Republic, 10 which sank outside the Boston harbor in 1900. The search party, using side-scan sonar, a device that projects sound waves across the ocean bottom and produces a profile of the sea floor, located the wreck in just two and a half days. Before the use of this new technology, such searches could take months or years. The team of 45 divers searched 15 the wreck for two months, finding silver tea services, crystal dinnerware, and thousands of bottles of wine, but they did not find the five and a half tons of American Gold Eagle coins they were searching for.

20 Preservationists focus on the historic value of a ship. They say that even if a shipwreck’s treasure does not have a high monetary value, it can be an invaluable source of historic artifacts that are preserved in nearly mint condition. But once a salvage team has scoured a site, much of the archaeological value is lost. Maritime archaeologists 25 who are preservationists worry that the success of salvagers will attract more treasure-hunting expeditions and thus threaten remaining undiscovered wrecks. Preservationists are lobbying their state lawmakers to legally restrict underwater searches and unregulated salvages. To counter their efforts, treasure hunters argue that without the 30 lure of gold and million-dollar treasures, the wrecks and their historical artifacts would never be recovered at all.

1. What is the main idea of this passage?

2. The word “sunken” in line 2 is closest in meaning to which of the following words?

3. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “legitimate” in line 3?

4. Which of the following could best replace the phrase “a profile” as used in line 12?

5. Which of the following statements is best supported by the author?

6. The author uses the word “services” in line 15 to refer to which of the following?

7. The author uses the phrase “mint condition” in line 23 to describe

8. All of the following were found on the RMS Republic EXCEPT

9. From the passage, you can infer that a preservationist would be most likely to

10. The word “scoured” in line 23 is most similar to which of the following?

11. In line 30, what is the closest meaning to the word “lure”?

12. The second and third paragraphs are an example of