Đọc đoạn văn sau và trả lời các câu hỏi:

It is very difficult to succeed in the music business; nine out of ten bands that release a first record fail to produce a second. Surviving in the music industry requires luck and patience, but most of all it requires an intricate knowledge of how a record company 5 functions. The process begins when a representative of a company’s Artists and Repertoire (A & R) department visits bars and night clubs, scouting for young, talented bands. After the representative identifies a promising band, he or she will work to negotiate a contract with that band. The signing of this recording contract is a slow process. 10 A company will spend a long time investigating the band itself as well as current trends in popular music. During this period, it is important that a band reciprocate with an investigation of its own, learning as much as possible about the record company and making personal connections within the different departments that will handle 15 their recordings.

Once a band has signed the contract and has finished recording an album, the Publicity and Promotions department takes over. This department decides whether or not to mass produce and market the band’s album. 20 Most bands fail to make personal contacts in this second department, thus losing their voice in the important final process of producing and marketing their album. This loss of voice often contributes to the band’s failure as a recording group.

1. Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage?

2. As used in line 2, what is the meaning of the word “release”?

3. The phrase “an intricate” in line 4 could be best replaced by which of the following?

4. According to the passage, the initial contact between a band and a recording company is made by

5. The word “reciprocate” as used in line 12 could be best replaced by which of the following?

6. The word “investigation” in line 13 is closest in meaning to which of the following?

7. Which of the following words is most similar to the word “handle” as used in line 14?

8. As used in line 18, what is the meaning of “takes over”?

9. The author mentions that a band’s success is dependent on all of the following factors EXCEPT

10. According to the passage, the Publicity and Promotions department

11. The author uses the phrase “losing their voice” in lines 21 to illustrate that they

12. It can be inferred from the passage that