Sentences for completion
1 In the month just finished, Britain`s exports rose by ten per cent. In the same period, it`s
2 A Did you take those shoes back to the shop?
B Oh, yes. The shop-assistant was very good,
3 A It`s my birthday today.
B Is it? Many happy returns! Did you �
4 Yesterday in the High Court, Barry Thompson was sentenced to ten years in prison.
He was �
5 A The things she said to me!
B Yes, she has a very nasty temper.
A But the names she called me! I`ve never been so �
6 He began taking drugs ten years ago. Now he`s completely �
7 A How`s my wife doing, Doctor?
B I think we can say that she`ll be home soon. We`re very pleased �
8 UFO stands for �
9 There was a large demonstration in Paris today. Three thousand people marched through the streets �
10 And finally we come to the award for Best Actress. And the winner is … Bella Dickinson! Bella, it gives me great pleasure to �
11 I`m sorry, madam. You can`t park here. You see, this is a restricted zone. You need a�
12 The teachers` strike looks like it`s going to continue. The government`s latest offer of a six per cent pay rise�
An interview with Jonathon Porritt
I = Interviewer
P = Jonathon Porritt
I Could I ask you please, how did your interest in the environment, and the need to protect it, begin?
P It really all began because I was a teacher, and teaching in an inner London comprehensive school near Shepherd`s Bush, and obviously a lot of the work we were doing were… was making assumptions about the shape of the future, and the world into which those children would have to go out, after they`d finished their five years` schooling. And I became more and more involved in trying to think what the shape of the planet would be like after the year two thousand, and one of the big projects that we did with some of our kids was to look more carefully at the relationship between humankind and the planet. And that got me interested in the whole subject, and I started reading much more about ecology. And then I began to realize that you can`t really talk about ecology as a science, you have to consider ecology within a social and political context. And that`s what drew me into Green politics. I became increasingly involved in several organizations, tried to wrap my… mind more and more around the economics of the issues, as that`s really the key to it all, and eventually ended up with `Friends of the Earth`, as… as director.
I I see. When you look into the future, the next thirty years, a reasonably long term, you perhaps see reasons to be both optimistic and pessimistic. What changes and developments do you think we might see over the next thirty years?
P It is very hard to predict � it has to be said � and I do feel a strange mixture of pessimism and optimism. I call myself a constructive pessimist, … because you can`t help but be pessimistic, looking at some of the issues we face, and yet if we don`t face them in a constructive way, then that pessimism merely feeds on itself, and becomes fatalism, and the world really will get into a very sorry state. But obviously, the crucial problems we face now are largely those of population, which is a problem … which is unfolding remorselessly, and will really hit us in the middle of the next century; the misuse or abuse of the world`s resources, both the renewable resources, such as the clean air, clean water, and the non-renewable resources, the speed with which we`re using up oil, gas, whatever else it may be; the appalling problems of poverty and famine and hunger, which er… what we saw last year in Ethiopia and the Sudan, I`m sorry to say, is merely a very small indication of the kind of things we`re going to see before now and the turn of the century; the arms build-up, which has reached really staggeringly immoral levels er… one thousand million million dollars now being spent on arms every year, instead of being spent on the kinds of things that it ought to go on. And all of those problems, to us, which we, which we consider to be the problems of er… the misuse of the planet are very daunting. And they`re not separate, they are all interconnected. And what I think is only just dawning on people, is that a lot of these problems do have the same roots, namely the unsustainable system that we insist upon at the moment, believing that the only way we can increase human wealth is by producing more and consuming more, even if we destroy the planet in the process.
I They are �
P They`re all pessimistic, they`re all pessimistic. On the other side of the coin, it has to be said, that I would think there are three main things that are now beginning to … allow us to be a little more optimistic. First is awareness. I mean, in the last ten years there has been an astonishing array of books, and er… different ideas forthcoming about the state of the planet, and how we need to change our ways to cope with that. And that`s wholly good, because many more people ate now better informed than they used to be. Secondly, there is an increasing political awareness that these things have to be given political expression, people need to involve themselves in organizations, in groups; they need to put pressure on politicians so that they don`t get away with the absurd things they`re doing at the moment. And again, there is a sense � a growing strength of � within the Green Movement that we can actually do things. And thirdly, and I personally consider this to be as important as the first two, there is an increasing awareness of the spiritual values of the alternative that we`re putting across, namely alternatives to materialism, as a better way of meeting people`s needs, rather than this absolutely crude pursuit of material affluence, as the only way of satisfying people. And I think that spiritual aspect, combined with the political aspect, set within a context of greater awareness, is really the path that the �Green Movement� is trying to carve out for itself at the moment.
I Do you personally find your job depressing?
I Do you find reasons for… for satisfaction?
P I personally love the work I do, although I am depressed by the … sheer irrationality and selfishness of the way in which people treat the planet and treat each other, and I do find that a … a permanently depressing feature of human nature. But also, because of the nature of the work, and the people one is working with, there is the other side of human nature, that is… you know… very uplifting, and for every example of this short-sightedness and selfishness and so on, there are more and more examples building of people who are prepared to do things for others in an unstinting way, to take care for the planet, to think responsibly about the fate of other people in the Third World. And that means that however much the – the – kind of the dark bits of the job may erm… threaten to overwhelm one, there are always enough points of light to ensure that doesn`t happen.
I Mr Porritt, thank you very much indeed.
Arranging to meet
B = Sally Beecham
A = Henry Adams
T = Telephonist
S = Secretary
T Good morning. International Products Limited. Can I help you?
B Could I speak to Mr Adams, please?
T It`s ringing for you.
B Thank you.
S Hello. Mr Adams` office.
B Hello. This is Sally Beecham from the Bristol office. Could I speak to Mr Adams, please?
S Certainly. One moment.
A Hello, Sally. How are you?
B Hello, Henry. Fine thanks. How`s everything in Leicester?
A Not bad, not bad.
B I`ve just had Jeremy on the phone…
A … Oh, yes. Next week`s meeting. Were the arrangements all right for you? Did you mind �
B No, no, no, that`s fine. Wednesday morning suits me. I`m going away on Thursday, so I couldn`t have made it after that. I`ll come to you in Leicester. You`re in the middle, after all, well, just about. I had a word with Jeremy about what time the meeting should start, because he`s coming from Glasgow, so he`s got the furthest to travel. He`s getting a plane to the East Midlands airport, so how long will it take him to get to your office?
A What time does his plane get in? It depends on the traffic.
B At … oh, let me just check… ten twenty-five.
A Well, he should be here by… about eleven.
B That`s fine. That`s what we thought. So I`ll be there at eleven. How`s that?
A OK. What about you? How are you getting here?
B I`ll be coming by car. It`s motorway all the way, so it won`t take me long.
A Right, then. I`ll see you both here, next Wednesday at eleven.
B That`s it.
A I look forward to it.
B Right. See you then. Bye Henry.
A Goodbye Sally.