LINKING VERBS AND CLEFT SENTENCES-TIẾNG ANH THPT

LINKING VERBS AND CLEFT SENTENCES

 

  1. LINKING VERBS (ĐỘNG TỪ NỐI)

LINKING VERBS/ COPULAR VERBS/ STATE VERBS

Định nghĩa: là động từ diễn tả trạng thái của chủ từ mà không diễn tả hành động.

Hay động từ nối là động từ dùng để nối CHỦ TỪ VÀ TÍNH TỪ mà ko diễn tả hành động.

FORM:

 

Notes: KHÔNG CHIA THI TIẾP DIỄN ĐỐI VỚI ĐỘNG TỪ LIÊN KẾT LINKING VERBS/ STATES VERBS

 

1. BE (am/is/are/was/were/been):

2. seem (dường như):

3. appear (hóa ra, xem ra):

4. come/

5.become (trở nên, trở thành):

 

6.grow (trở nên):

7. look (trông có vẻ):

8. smell (có mùi)

9. sound (nghe có vẻ):

10. taste (có vị):

11. feel (cảm thấy):

12.  remain (vẫn, duy trì):

13. stay (vẫn):

 

14. prove (tỏ ra, chứng minh):

(15). go (trở nên)

I am hungry. / She is a model. / she is the girl
She seems nervous.
She didn’t appear at all surprised at the news.
My dream finally came true. / He’s become a new star after the contest.
She grows prettier every day.
The pie looked delicious.
The flower smelled sweet.
The idea sounds interesting.
The pie tasted delicious.
I felt so wonderful.

He remains the kind man he always was.
The room stayed cool two hours after the air conditioner was turned off.
The test proved too difficult for most students in the class.

The situation goes wrong.

 

  1. B. CLEFT SENTENCES (CÂU CHẺ)

 

Định nghĩa: Câu chẻ được dùng để nhấn mạnh một thành phần của câu như chủ từ, túc từ, và trạng từ.

  1. CHẺ CHỦ ĐỘNG (Cleft sentences in the active)
  2. Nhấn mạnh chủ từ(Subject focus)
    a. Với danh từ / đại từ chỉ người hoặc chỉ vật:

                  

It + is/ was + Noun/ pronoun (người/vật) + THAT+ V + O …

 

E.g.1: My brother collected these foreign stamps.

→ It was my brother THAT collected these foreign stamps.

(Chính anh tôi là người đã sưu tầm những cái tem nước ngoài này)

E.g.2: Her absence at the party made me sad.

→ It was her absence at the party that made me sad.

(Chính sự vắng mặt của cô ấy tại buổi tiệc làm tôi buồn)

 

  1. Nhấn mạnh túc từ(Object focus)
    a. Với danh từ / đại từ chỉ người hoặc chỉ vật:

 

It + is / was + Noun / pronoun (người/vật) + THAT+ S + V…

 

E.g.1: I met Daisy on the way to school.

→ It was Daisy THAT I met on the way to school.

(Chính Daisy là người tôi đã gặp trên đường đi học)

E.g.2: My brother bought an old motorbike from our neighbor.

→ It was an old motorbike that my brother bought from our neighbor.

(Chính cái xe máy cũ là cái anh tôi đã mua từ người hàng xóm)

 

  1. Nhấn mạnh trạng từ(Adverbial focus)
       It + is / was + Adverbial phrase + that + S + V …

E.g.1: – We first met in December.

→ It was in December that we first met.

(Chính tháng mười hai là khi chúng tôi gặp nhau lần đầu tiên)

– I was born in this village.

→ It was in this village that I was born.

(Chính ngôi làng này là nơi tôi được sinh ra)

 

  1. B. CÂU CHẺ BỊ ĐỘNG(Cleft sentences in the passive)
    Với danh từ / đại từ chỉ người hoặc chỉ vật:

 

It + is/ was + Noun/ pronoun (người/vật) +THAT+ be + V3/ed+by+O

 

E.g.1: Fans gave that singer a lot of flowers.

→ It was that singer THAT was given a lot of flowers (BY FANS)

(Chính người ca sĩ đó được tặng rất nhiều hoa)

 

E.g.2: People talk about this film.

→ It is this film that is talked about.

(Chính bộ phim này là cái được nói đến)

 

– Fans gave that singer a lot of flowers.

→ It was a lot of flowers that were given to that singer.

(Chính nhiều hoa đã được tặng cho người ca sĩ)

GIVE+TO+S.O (người): cho tới ai, tặng cho ai

EXERCISES

Exercise 1: Choose the suitable word to complete each sentence.

  1. What’s the matter with you? You look happy/happilytoday.
  2. He appears very excited/excitedlywhen looking at her.
  3. I taste the soup very careful/carefully. Don’t worry!
  4. John appeared sudden/suddenlybehind us and said hello to us.
  5. He is shouting at his friend. He sounds very angry/angrily.
  6. A: Why do you smell the milk?
    B: Because it smells terrible/terribly. You should throw it away.
  7. This plan grows quickly/quickif it absorbs enough water.
  8. He kept talking and his friends seemed annoyedly/annoyed.
  9. The doctor checked my legs carefully/carefulto see if there were any injuries.
  10. She is looking for the colored pens serious/seriouslybecause she needs them now.

 

Exercise 2: Choose the correct sentence that is written using the underlined part and cleft sentence with “It”.

1.He spent his summer vacation in Da Lat.

  1. It is in Da Lat that he spent his summer vacation.
  2. It was in Da Lat that he spent his summer vacation.
  3. It is in Da Lat that he spends his summer vacation.
  4. It was in Da Lat where he spends his summer vacation.

2.Candidates all over the world took part in the competition with great enthusiasm.

  1. It is great enthusiasm that candidates all over the world took part in the competition.
  2. It was great enthusiasm that candidates all over the world took part in the competition.
  3. It was with great enthusiasm that candidates all over the world took part in the competition.
  4. It is with great enthusiasm which candidates all over the world take part the competition.

3.He gains impressive achievements at the age of 20.

  1. It is at the age of 20 that he gains impressive achievements.
  2. It was at the age of 20 that he gains impressive achievements.
  3. It is at the age of 20 that he gained impressive achievements.
  4. It was at the age of 20 that he gained impressive achievements.

4.Mary made a great contribution to her husband’s success.

  1. It is Mary who made a great contribution to her husband’s success.
  2. It was Mary who makes a great contribution to her husband’s success.
  3. It was Mary who made a great contribution for her husband’s success.
  4. It was Mary who made a great contribution to her husband’s success.

5.Most parents are willing to lend their ear to their children.

  1. They are their children that most parents are willing to lend their ear to.
  2. It is their children that most parents are willing to lend their ear to.
  3. They are their children that most parents are willing to lend their ear.
  4. It is their children that most parents are willing to lend their ear.
  5. ________ I bought the golden fish.
  6. It was from this shop that                     B. I was from this shop where
  7. It was this shop which                                             D. It was this shop that
  8. It was Tom _______ to help us.
  9. comes               B. that comes                              C. to come                          D. who came
  10. _______ the police had rescued from the fire.
  11. The baby                                      B. The baby that
  12. It was the baby whom                                                     D. The baby whom
  13. ________ my parents gave me the fish tank.
  14. It was on my birthday when
  15. It was my birthday on that
  16. It was my birthday that
  17. It was on my birthday that
  18. _______ I first met my girlfriend.
  19. It was in London that                                                       B. It was in London where
  20. It was London that                          D. It was London which
  21. _________ on the phone.
  22. It is his mother whom is                      B. It was his mother whom is
  23. It was his mother who is                      D. It is his mother who is
  24. ________ a high level of blood cholesterol.
  25. It is eggs that contain                                                       B. Those are eggs it contains
  26. It is eggs that contains                                                     D. It is eggs contain
  27. _________ England won the World Cup.
  28. It was in 1966 that                                            B. It was on 1966 that
  29. It was in 1966 when                         D. It was 1966 in that
  30. __________ we all look for.
  31. It is happiness that                                                     B. That happiness
  32. Happiness it is that                           D. Happiness it is
  33. ____________ me how to play the drum.
  34. It was my uncle who taught                          B. My uncle who taught
  35. It was my uncle taught                                                   D. It is my uncle teaching

Exercise 3. Rewrite the following sentences using cleft sentence in active.

  1. The boy visited his uncle last month.

______________________________.

  1. My mother bought me a present on my birthday.

______________________________.

  1. Huong and Sandra sang together at the party.

______________________________.

  1. 4. Nam’s father got angry with him.

______________________________.

  1. The boys played football all day long.

______________________________.

  1. The girl received a letter from her friend yesterday.

______________________________.

  1. His presence at the meeting frightened the children.

______________________________.

  1. The man is learning English.

______________________________.

  1. The woman gave him the book.

______________________________.

  1. She sent her friend the postcard.

______________________________.

  1. Hoa borrowed the book from Long.

______________________________.

  1. The little boy greeted his grandfather in a strnge language.

______________________________.

  1. The pedestrian asked the policeman a lot of questions.

______________________________.

  1. The dog barked at the stranger.

______________________________.

  1. She made some cakes for tea.

______________________________.

  1. His father repaired the bicycle for him.

______________________________.

  1. She presented him a book on his birthday.

______________________________.

  1. He met his wife in Britain.

______________________________.

  1. She bought that present from the shop.

______________________________.

  1. The meeting started at 8.00 a.m.

______________________________.

  1. My friend came to see me late last night.

______________________________.

  1. I can’t stand the noise.

______________________________.

  1. John didn’t pay for the wedding ring, Sarah did.

______________________________.

  1. I saw him in the street only last week.

______________________________.

  1. She bought a new dress to go to the party.

______________________________.

  1. England won the World Cup in 1966.

______________________________.

  1. Peter lent us money.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. The smoke from the factory chimneys pollutes the air.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. The neighbour told them about it.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. That boy scored the goal for his team.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. The dog grabbed at the piece of meat and ran away.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. The strong wind blew the roof off.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. The woman answered the man

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. The boy played ping pong the whole afternoon.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. The girl gave the boy a special gift on his birthday.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. The police arrested the man at the railway station.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. He borrowed the money from Linda

.………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

  1. He bought the book from that corner shop.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. He got married when he was 26.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. Thay were having a barbecue in the park.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. I met him on the way to school.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. They often had parties on weekends.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. My brother bought his new car from our next-door neighbour last Saturday.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. My brother bought his girlfriend a beautiful bunch of flowers for her birthday last Saturday.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. The Second World War ended on 7 May 1945 in Europe.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. If I had to choose between staying in my country or moving abroad, I would take the first option.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. We always meet on Friday.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. They went to the cinema.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. We were supposed to meet at 6 o’clock.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

  1. When the play was about to end, I couldn’t help weeping.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Email us

Zalo

0986201010

Lịch khai giảng Liên hệ Đăng ký học thử