|I. Pre-Listening Exercises [Top]|
What are some reasons for visiting a dentist (e.g., tooth whitening, dental cleaning, orthodontics, invisalign braces, tooth fillings)? Name some common dental problems and possible preventative care for each.
HELPFUL TIP: Dentists recommend a dental checkup every six months. Regular brushing and flossing will help prevent cavities and save you money from expensive dental bills.
|II. Listening Exercises [Top]|
Listen to the conversation by pressing the “Play Audio” button and answer the questions. Press the “Final Score” button to check your quiz.
Patient: Hi. Dr. Hyde?
Dentist: So, what’s seems to be the problem today?
Patient: Well, I just came in for a check up and a dental cleaning.
Dentist: Hum. Open up. Let’s take a look . . .
Patient: Okay. Uh . . .
Dentist: Hummmm. [Humm? Uh?] Wow! I’ve never seen one like THIS before. Let me try this.
Patient: Uhhh . . . Ouhhhh [Man screaming in pain . . .]
Patient: Well, the tooth has been bothering me, and it sometimes hurts when I drink something cold. Does it look that bad?
Dentist: Well, we’re going to remove the decay, and then we’ll either put a filling in, or if the decay is extensive, we can’t repair it, we might have to put a crown on your tooth. Or as a last resort, we may have to extract the tooth.
Patient: Uh, well, that sounds painful!
Dentist: Don’t worry. I’ve done this . . . once before. [Huh?] Nah, just relax.
Patient: Wait! Aren’t you suppose to give me something to dull the pain?
Dentist: Uh, chicken. Oh yeah. I almost forgot. We can either use a local anesthetic or nitrous oxide . . . laughing gas. . . to minimize the discomfort you might feel. Or you can just grin and bear it.
Patient: Nah, Nah, nah! Put me under! [I thought so.] I can’t stand pain, and I’d rather not be aware of what’s going on. And, if I need a filling, can I get one that looks like my other teeth?
Patient: Okay, well whatever. Let’s get it over with.
Dentist: Okay, pleasant dreams. Drill please.
|Key Vocabulary [Top]|
- plaque (noun): a substance that builds up around teeth that can damage them
– Brushing with toothpaste can help remove plaque.
- cavity (noun): tooth decay
– If you take care of your teeth, you can reduce the risk of having cavities.
- wisdom tooth (noun): the last of your back teeth to come in
– The dentist removed one of my wisdom teeth because it was bothering me.
- decay (noun, also verb): the gradual process of the tooth going bad, sometimes caused by poor dental care and eating habits
– If the decay in the tooth is not removed, it could lead to a serious problem.
- filling (noun): a substance inserted into a tooth to repair a cavity
– I need to get one of my fillings replaced because it came out yesterday.
- extensive (adjective): large in extent, range, or scope
– Researchers have conducted extensive studies on the causes and prevention of tooth decay.
- crown (noun): a metal covering over the enamel-covered part of a tooth
– The dentist suggested putting a crown on the tooth since the cavity would have been too difficult to repair with a filling.
- extract (verb): remove
– The dentist extracted the decayed tooth without a problem.
- dull (verb, also adjective): numb or make insensitive, deaden feeling
– I was shocked that the dentist didn’t give me anything to dull the pain.
- local anesthetic (noun): a drug used to dull the body`s senses from pain in a specific area
– The dentist used a local anesthetic on the patient before she extracted the tooth.
- nitrous oxide (noun): a gas inhaled as an anesthetic in dentistry and surgery
– Sometimes, dentists use nitrous oxide on patients when more extensive dental work is required or to help patients relax during certain procedures.
- discomfort (noun): pain or an uncomfortable feeling associated with a part of the body
– I went to the dentist because I felt a great deal of discomfort in one of my teeth.
- alloy (noun): a mixture of two or more metals
– Different alloy fillings may be used to fill cavities, depending on the severity and location of the cavity, as well as the patient’s preference.
- porcelain (noun): made of semitransparent ceramic
– Porcelain fillings may be used to fill cavities, depending on the severity and location of the cavity, as well as the patient’s preference.